Michael H. LeRoy

Professor, School of Labor and Employment Relations
Professor, College of Law (by courtesy)


Michael LeRoy is the LER Alumni Professor of Labor and Employment Relations and affiliated faculty of the College of Law. His research program examines employment and unions for NCAA athletes, artificial intelligence and work, and immigration. Recent publications include “Are Collectives Joint Employers of College Athletes? An Empirical Analysis of NIL Deals and School Policies,” Marquette Sports Law Review (2024); “Are College Athletes Employees under the Fair Labor Standards Act?” Harvard Journal of Sports and Entertainment Law(2023); “Do College Athletes Get NIL? Unreasonable Restraints on Player Access to Sports Branding Markets,” University of Illinois Law Review (2023); “The Unborn Citizen,” The Georgetown Law Journal Online, Vol. 109 (2019); “The Labor Origins of Birthright Citizenship,” Hofstra Labor and Employment Law Journal (2019); and “Accommodating Religious Liberty in an Artificially Intelligent Workplace,” Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics, and Public Policy (2024). He filed a brief in Johnson v. NCAA (2022).

School of Labor & Employment Relations bio


JD University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill
BA, MA University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Areas of Expertise

Sports and Entertainment
Employment Law and the Gig Economy
Immigration Law
Labor Law
Judicial Ethics
National Emergencies

Selected Publications

“The Professional Labor Market for Teenage Basketball Players: Disruptive Competition to the NCAA’s Amateur Model,” Berkeley Journal of Entertainment and Sports Law, Vol. 11, No. 1, (2022) (forthcoming).

“Refusing Work To Avoid Serious Injury or Death: An Empirical Study of Legal Protections Before and During COVID-19,” Pepperdine Law Review, Vol. 49, No. 3, (2021) (forthcoming).

“COVID-19 Protocols for NCAA Football and the NFL: Does Collective Bargaining Produce Safer Conditions for Players?,” Utah Law Review, Vol. 2021, No. 1 (2021), pp. __ – __ (forthcoming).

“Harassment, Abuse, and Mistreatment in College Sports: Protecting Players through Employment Laws,” Berkeley Journal of Employment and Labor Law, Vol. 41, No. 2 (2021).   

“The President’s Immigration Powers: Migratory Labor and Racial Animus,” NYU Annual Survey of American Law, Vol. 75, No. 2 (2020).

“Whitewashing Coaching Racism in NCAA Sports: Enforcing Civil Rights through the Ku Klux Klan Act,” Sports and Entertainment Law Journal, Vol. 9, No. 2 (2020).

“The Unborn Citizen,” The Georgetown Law Journal Online, Vol. 109 (2019), pp. 118-133.

“The Labor Origins of Birthright Citizenship,” Hofstra Labor and Employment Law Journal, Vol. 37, No. 1 (2019). 

“Is the ‘Hire American’ Executive Order a Suspect Classification?” William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal, Vol. 28, No. 1 (2019). 

“Targeting White Supremacy in the Workplace,” Stanford Law and Policy Review, Vol. 29, No. 3 (2018), pp. 107-158, republished in Civil Rights Litigation and Attorney Fees Annual Handbook (ed. Steven Saltzman, West Publishing).